Style manuals provide detailed guidance in formatting footnotes/endnotes and bibliography entries. Your course instructor will generally specify which citation style he/she prefers - if not, ASK!
Historians generally use the Chicago Manual of Style or its derivative, A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (commonly known as Turabian, after its author). Though not identical, the two styles are very similar.
The Chicago/Turabian style offers two different citation options:
TURABIAN, KATE L. A MANUAL FOR WRITERS OF RESEARCH PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS
TURABIAN is a short-hand, easier-to-use version of The Chicago Manual of Style. Most commonly used style manual for historical research & writing
Print version: RECOMMENDED
CALL NUMBER: LB2369 .T8 2007
LOCATION: Counter-height shelves next to the Woodruff Library Level 2 (Main) Reference Desk
See Chapters 15 and 16 for basics. See Chapter 17 for how to cite specific types of sources (like these that typically give researchers trouble):
Online version: no complete version online, but quick guides like the following abound:
Turabian Citation Style (Emory Writing Center)
Turabian Quick Guide (U of Chicago Press)
Chicago/Turabian Documentation (University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center)
CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE
CALL NUMBER: Z253 .U69 2003
LOCATION: Counter-height shelves to left of the Woodruff Library Level 2 (Main) Reference Desk
Online version: RECOMMENDED
COMPLETE electronic version of the Chicago Manual
See especially the Citation Quick Guide - examples labeled "N" and "B" are Notes/Bibliography style
OTHER USEFUL CITATION GUIDES
Complete Guide to Citing Government Information Resources [print resource]
Call Number: Z7164 .G7 G37 2002
Location: Woodruff Library Level 2 (Main) Reference
Very useful for determining what elements of information to include, but leaves it to you to employ proper punctuation and order based on whatever style you're using.
Save yourself hours and headaches by using citation manager software to automate the work of collecting and organizing your research sources and format footnotes/endnotes and bibliographies in your research papers.
Woodruff Library offers workshops and tech support for these citation manager programs:
Zotero - free, easy-to-use Firefox plugin RECOMMENDED
EndNote and EndNote Web - available at no cost to Emory students, faculty and staff
Which citation manager is right for you? See our Citation Manager Comparison Guide
TIP: Citation software does NOT eliminate the need to double-check all your footnotes/endnotes and bibliography entries. Your course instructor will not be sympathetic if you blame formatting errors on your computer!