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Basic Problems in Philosophy: Moral Psychology: Citing and Evaluating Sources

Philosophy 100

Primary Sources

A primary source is an original work or document. In philosophy, examples of a primary source include an essay written by a philosopher or a book written by a philosopher. A work of criticism that comments on the philosopher's writings, however, is a secondary source. It is one step removed from the original. For more examples of primary and secondary sources, see our Primary Sources Research Guide.

In psychology, a research study is a primary source. Look for terms such as:

  • empirical study

  • longitudinal study

  • field study

  • twin study

  • quantitative study

  • experimental replication

EasyBib

Keep track of your citations with EasyBib. EasyBib is 100% "in the cloud" so it doesn't care what type of computer or browser you use. There is nothing to download.

Just register the first time from ON CAMPUS (so that it recognizes you as an Emory user and you can benefit from the licensing agreement Emory paid for).  Once you've registered, you can access your account from anywhere.

PLUS, EasyBib has a free iPhone app that allows you to scan in the ISBN of a book and it will email the information to you!

Writing Help

Need help writing or citing?

Make an appointment with a tutor at the  Emory Writing Center.

Student Writing

The CRAAP Test


How do you know if a source that you find is research paper quality?


Try putting it through The CRAAP Method of Evaluating Information, a series of questions developed by librarians at California State University, Chico.


This test is designed to work for all information sources, including Web sites.


Click here to find the complete CRAAP Test pdf - just one page!


The acronym CRAAP stands for:

Currency: The timeliness of information.

Relevance: The importance of information for your needs.

Authority: The source of the information.

Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information content.

Purpose: The reason the information exists.

Subject Guide

Chella Vaidyanathan's picture
Chella Vaidyanathan
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