First Secretary/General Secretary: Leader of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, typically also held other leadership positions such as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, Chairman of the Presidium, etc.
Politburo/Presidium: Leading policy-making body, members elected by the Central Committee of the Communist Party.
Council of Ministers: Main administrative body; responsible for national defense, economic planning (incl. formulating 5-year plans), foreign relations, etc. Some examples:
Central Committee of the Communist Party: The governing body in the Soviet Union, though in practice it was not as powerful as the above institutions starting in the Stalin era and afterwards. The USSR had both main and republic-level Central Committees. The First Secretaries of the individual republics were effectively the governors of those republics.
Goskino – State Film Committee
Also called GUK (Main Administration/Directorate for Cinema)
Goskino Chairs / Industry Heads:
Some Responsibilities of Goskino:
Departments in Goskino (Tentative list)
1. Main Administration for the Production of Feature Films
2. Administration for the Production fo Popular-Science and Documentary Films
3. Main Administration for Cinefication and Distribution
3. Administration of Cinema Techniques and Technology and the Film Manufacturing Industry
4. Administration for Personnel and Educational Institutions
4. Repertory Control: controls what gets distributed, what is in the prints, etc. - de facto censorship body.
5. External Relations: international affairs, staff includes KGB officer
6. Administration for Records: handles all paperwork except for personnel files and sensitive matters such as banned films. (The latter are handled by a Special Section that reports directly to the Chair of Goskino.)
Other Departments/Organizations Administered by Goskino:
Union of Cinematographers (Filmmakers)
Trade union, established in 1965. Membership was required to work in most (all?) fields in the film industry. In Moscow and the republics it maintained a House of Cinema (“Dom Kino”) which was a general meeting place and held film screenings, including films that were not readily available to the public.
Separate studios in the R.S.F.S.R. and other republics for feature films, documentaries, newsreel-chronicle, animation, popular science, TV films.
Some important departments included:
Some core production crew memers:
Director-Producer (rezhisser-postanovshchik): the Director of the film. The leading creative figure of the production; develops the shooting script in consultation with the Artist-Producer (art director) and Chief Cameraman (director of photography), among other people.
Production Manager (direktor): responsible for the logistics of the production, including keeping the film within budget; negotiates agreements, etc.
Chief Cameraman (Glavnyi operator): essentially the same as the Director of Photography in Hollywood.
Artist-Producer (khudozhnik or khudozhnik-postanovshchik): essentially the same as the Art Director or Production Designer in Hollywood.
Sound Operator (zvukooperator): in charge of sound recording and engineering for a film.
Film Editor (montazher): not to be confused with the Editor (redaktor) who monitors the ideological and artistic quality of the script and finished product.
Babitsky, Paul, and John Rimberg. The Soviet Film Industry. New York: Published for the Research Program on the U.S.S.R. by Praeger, 1955.
Cohen, Louis Harris. The Cultural-Political Traditions and Developments of the Soviet Cinema, 1917-1972. New York: Arno Press, 1974. (Reprint of 1973 doctoral dissertation.)
Golovskoy, Valery S., and John Rimberg. Behind the Soviet Screen: The Motion-Picture Industry in the USSR, 1972-1982. Ann Arbor: Ardis, 1986.
Konoplev, B. N. Osnovy filʹmoproizvodstva. Moskva: Izd-vo "Iskusstvo", 1969.
БУТОВСКИЙ Яков, Светлана ЛИСИНА, Виктор ЛИСТОВ, Виктор МАТИЗЕН, Михаил ШКАЛИКОВ: История государственного управления кинематографом в СССР - Энциклопедия отечественного кино