Our Libraries Citing Your Sources Research Guide provides information on why to cite sources, how to avoid plagiarism and how to avoid common mistakes.
Prof. Xu requires this class to use The Chicago Manual of Style. There are two types of Chicago format:
- The author-date style uses parenthetical citations, which means that the citation information is within parentheses beside the quoted or paraphrased information.
- The note-bibliography (NB) style requires the use of footnotes or endnotes, which means that the citation information is either at the foot of the page or at the end of the article and is noted at the end of the quoted or paraphrased text with a number in superscript.
For help with Chicago style, see the following:
- The Chicago Manual of Style Online
- The Chicago Manual of Style, Robert W. Woodruff Library Reference Z253 .U69 2010
- Purdue's Online Writing Lab Chicago style page.
- You can copy and paste a reference cited in Chicago style directly from many of the library databases and from Google Scholar (to cite from Google Scholar, click on the quotation mark underneath the reference).
- You can also use a citation manager software, like Zotero or EndNote.