The Federal Reserve is the central bank for the United States and was established in 1913. The head of the Fed is the chairman of the Board of Governors committee, currently Ben Bernanke. Members of the board serve a 14 year term.
There are 12 Federal Reserve districts consisting of 12 banks and 25 branches.
Each district has their own website. While some of the information may be dupicative, each district has unique content relevant to their district.
"The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is an independent agency created by the Congress to maintain stability and public confidence in the nation's financial system by:
It was created in 1933 in response to the bank failures that occurred in the late 1920s and early 1930s. They insure at least $250,000 per depositor to insure that bank customers do not lose their savings as a result of bank failure.